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Adaptations/Adaptive Equipment

The use of adaptive equipment by occupational therapists can improve student occupational participation in schools while promoting inclusion and independence. Adaptive equipment can help children with physical and cognitive disabilities reach their full potential and participate in school activities.

Types of Adaptive Equipment

Accessible Ramp

Mobility Devices

Wheelchairs, lifts, and ramps help children with mobility impairments to move around school and access classrooms and other areas.


Writing Aids

Pencil grips, specialized pens, and slant boards assist with writing difficulties, improving the child's ability to communicate through written work.


Sensory Tools

Sensory tools like weighted vests, fidget toys, and noise-cancelling headphones help students with sensory processing difficulties to focus better in the classroom.

Suede Shoes

ADL/IADL Devices

Dressing aids, dinning aids, and bathroom equipment can help students with vital occupations in the school settings (e.g., eating lunch in the cafeteria, toileting, dressing).

Accessible Ramp

Teaching/Learning Tools

Visual schedules, clocks/timers, and adaptive art supplies can increase children's participation in the classroom and in school.

Examples of Adaptive Equipment

Computer Adaptations

Alternative keyboards, touchscreens, and mouse adaptations help students with low muscle tone, fine motor difficulties, or visual impairments to access educational software and improve computer skills.

Seating Adaptations

Specialized chairs and cushions provide support, comfort and proper positioning for students with postural difficulties, improving the students' attention and reducing fatigue.

Communication Devices

Speech-generating devices, communication boards, and apps enable students with communication disorders to express themselves and participate in social and academic activities.

*Collaborate with SLP and/or assistive technology specialist

Recommending Adaptive Equipment in School


Identify Need

Conduct assessments and gather input from teachers, parents, and students to identify current needs and functional abilities.


Research Options

Learn about different equipment options and consult with experts to find the best fit for each student's unique needs.


Implement & Monitor

Collaborate with teachers, therapists, and parents to implement the equipment and monitor its effectiveness over time. 

Adaptations for Children with Sensory Processing Difficulties

Sensory Adaptations/ Tools

The use of sensory integration techniques is to help children with sensory processing difficulties. These tools could include sensory swings, weighted blankets, and tactile toys, to help regulate students' nervous system and improve their overall functioning.



  • Decrease desk clutter

  • Modify desk position/class placement

  • Use of noise cancelling headphones

  • Simplify assignment worksheet/instructions

  • Use of flexible seating (sit disk, therapy ball)

  • Use of weighted vest/stuffed animal

  • Therapressure/Brushing technique

Indoor Playground
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